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Mixed Up with All the Rebel Horde

Why Black Southerners
Fought for the South in the
War Between the States

Professor Edward C. Smith


Cataloged in Books in Print

ISBN: 0-9818980-9-2
ISBN13: 978-0-9818980-9-4

Published by
Charleston Athenaeum Press


This talk contains an incredible amount of information about blacks in American history including those who fought for "the first Confederacy," as Professor Smith says: the American Colonies in the Revolution.

Edward C. Smith is a true scholar who is indignant at the falsity and misconception that often pass for history in this age of political correctness. He discusses slavery and how it was dying out and likely would not have lasted another generation. There were already over 500,000 free blacks in the country, some 260,000 in the South, more than in the North. There were 60,000 in Virginia alone.

Rabid abolitionists, according to Professor Smith, were anti-slavery but definitely not pro-black, and even Lincoln did not believe blacks and whites could live together. Lincoln wanted to re-colonize blacks back to Africa or somewhere else they could survive.

He talks about the social intimacy that exists in the South between blacks and whites, which could never exist in the North or West, and he maintains that blacks fought for the "second Confederacy" in 1861 for the same reason they fought for the first one in 1776, because the South was home and they were defending homes and firesides, the same as white Southerners.

He speaks of the overwhelming proof of black Southerners marching with whites as soldiers in Confederate armies. He mentions one prominent Yankee observer, Dr. Lewis H. Steiner, Inspector of the United States Sanitary Commission, who observed, firsthand, the exodus of
Stonewall Jackson's army from Frederick, Maryland in 1862:

Wednesday, September 10, 1862: At 4 o'clock this morning the Rebel army began to move from our town, Jackson's force taking the advance. The movement continued until 8 o'clock P.M., occupying 16 hours. The most liberal calculation could not give them more than 64,000 men. Over 3,000 Negroes must be included in the number. They had arms, rifles, muskets, sabers, bowie-knives, dirks, etc. They were supplied, in many instances, with knapsacks, haversacks, canteens, etc., and they were manifestly an integral portion of the Southern Confederacy army. They were seen riding on horses and mules, driving wagons, riding on caissons, in ambulances, with the staff of generals and promiscuously mixed up with all the Rebel horde (emphasis added).

Thank you Inspector Steiner for the fabulous name I've given this talk:
Mixed Up with All the Rebel Horde!

Professor Smith speaks of black loyalty on the home front where there were wholesale avenues of escape throughout the war. He points out that most blacks stayed home and ran the economy and protected women and children whose husbands were off on distant battlefields.

He maintains that blacks had it within their power to make the
War Between the States a "four-week war" had they chosen to side with the invading Yankees and sabotage, poison, rape and pillage, but of course they did not. They were steadfast in their loyalty to the South, which enabled the South's war for independence to be a bloody four-year contest approaching two million casualties including 800,000 deaths that ended only after the South was laid waste.

His thunderous standing ovation at the end is well-deserved.

This talk should be in every personal and public library in America, as well as in every high school and college library.


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