This talk contains an incredible amount of information about blacks
in American history including those who fought for "the first
Confederacy," as Professor Smith says: the American Colonies in
Edward C. Smith is a
true scholar who is indignant at the falsity and misconception that
often pass for history in this age of political correctness. He
discusses slavery and how it was dying out and likely would not
have lasted another generation. There were already over 500,000 free
blacks in the country, some 260,000 in the South, more than in the
North. There were 60,000 in Virginia alone.
according to Professor Smith, were anti-slavery but definitely not
pro-black, and even Lincoln did not believe blacks and whites could
live together. Lincoln wanted to re-colonize blacks back to Africa
or somewhere else they could survive.
He talks about the
social intimacy that exists in the South between blacks and whites,
which could never exist in the North or West, and he maintains that
blacks fought for the "second Confederacy" in 1861 for the same
reason they fought for the first one in 1776, because the South was
home and they were defending homes and firesides, the same as
He speaks of the
overwhelming proof of black Southerners marching with whites as
soldiers in Confederate armies. He mentions one prominent Yankee
observer, Dr. Lewis H. Steiner, Inspector of the United States
Sanitary Commission, who observed, firsthand, the exodus of
Stonewall Jackson's army from Frederick, Maryland in 1862:
10, 1862: At 4 o'clock this morning the Rebel army began to move
from our town, Jackson's force taking the advance. The movement
continued until 8 o'clock P.M., occupying 16 hours. The most liberal
calculation could not give them more than 64,000 men. Over 3,000
Negroes must be included in the number. They had arms, rifles,
muskets, sabers, bowie-knives, dirks, etc. They were supplied, in
many instances, with knapsacks, haversacks, canteens, etc., and they
were manifestly an integral portion of the Southern Confederacy
army. They were seen riding on horses and mules, driving wagons,
riding on caissons, in ambulances, with the staff of generals and
promiscuously mixed up with all the Rebel horde (emphasis
Thank you Inspector
Steiner for the fabulous name I've given this talk:
Mixed Up with All the Rebel Horde!
Professor Smith speaks
of black loyalty on the home front where there were wholesale
avenues of escape throughout the war. He points out that most blacks
stayed home and ran the economy and protected women and children
whose husbands were off on distant battlefields.
He maintains that
blacks had it within their power to make the
War Between the States a "four-week war" had they chosen to side
with the invading Yankees and sabotage, poison, rape and pillage,
but of course they did not. They were steadfast in their loyalty to
the South, which enabled the South's war for independence to be a
bloody four-year contest approaching two million casualties including
that ended only after the South was laid waste.
His thunderous standing
ovation at the end is well-deserved.
This talk should be in
every personal and public library in America, as well as in every
high school and college library.